The minority population in the United States reached 100.7 million as of July 1, 2006, according to the national and state estimates by race, Hispanic origin, sex and age released last week by the U.S. Census Bureau. A year earlier, the minority population totaled 98.3 million.
(On Oct. 17, 2006, the Census Bureau reported that the overall population had topped 300 million. )
“About one in three U.S. residents is a minority,” said Census Bureau Director Louis Kincannon. “To put this into perspective, there are more minorities in this country today than there were people in the United States in 1910 [92.2 million]. In fact, the minority population in the U.S. is larger than the total population of all but 11 countries.”
The African-American (“Black”) population surpassed 40 million, while the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander group reached the 1 million mark.
California had a minority population of 20.7 million – 21 percent of the nation’s total. Texas had a minority population of 12.2 million – 12 percent of the U.S. total.
Hispanics remained the largest minority group, with 44.3 million as of July 1, 2006 – 14.8 percent of the total population. Black was the second-largest minority group, totaling 40.2 million, followed by Asian (14.9 million), American Indian and Alaska Native (4.5 million), and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (1 million).
The population of non-Hispanic whites who indicated no other race totaled 198.7 million.
With a 3.4 percent increase between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, Hispanic was the fastest-growing minority group. Asian was the second fastest-growing minority group, with a 3.2 percent population increase during the 2005-2006 period.
The population of non-Hispanic whites who indicated no other race grew by 0.3 percent during the one-year period.
Four states and the District of Columbia are “majority-minority.” Hawaii led the nation with a population that was 75 percent minority in 2006, followed by the District of Columbia (68 percent), New Mexico (57 percent), California (57 percent) and Texas (52 percent). No other state had a minority population exceeding 42 percent of the total.
Highlights for the various groups:
Info on the American Indian and Alaska Native group, as well as the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander group, is available at the Census Bureau’s site.
These data are based on estimates of U.S. population for July 1, 2006. The Census Bureau estimates population change from the most recent decennial census (Census 2000) using annual data on births, deaths and international migration. More detailed information on the methodology used to produce those estimates can be found at http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/compraceho.html.
Unless otherwise specified, the data refer to the population who reported a race alone or in combination with one or more other races. Censuses and surveys permit respondents to select more than one race; consequently, people may be one race or a combination of races. Hispanics may be any race.
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