Recovery Job Market Favors Men

July 8, 2011

This article is included in these additional categories:

Analytics, Automated & MarTech | Data-driven | Financial Services | Government & Politics | Men | Staffing | Uncategorized | Women

pew-employment-gender-july-2011.JPGFrom the official “end” of the recession in June 2009 through May 2011, men gained 768,000 jobs and lowered their unemployment rate from 10.6% to 9.5%, according to Pew Research Center analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics data. Meanwhile, in that same time period women lost 218,000 jobs and their unemployment rate climbed from 8.3% to 8.5%.

Men Lost Far More Jobs in Recession

These post-recession employment trends are a sharp turnabout from the gender patterns that prevailed during the recession itself, when men lost more than twice as many jobs as women. Men accounted for 5.4 million, or 71%, of the 7.5 million jobs that disappeared from the U.S. economy from December 2007 through June 2009. Women only lost about 2.1 million jobs.

State Govt. Only Job Sector to Favor Women

Employment trends during the recovery have favored men over women in all but one of the 16 major sectors of the economy identified in the Pew report, state government. In this sector of the economy, women have added jobs during the recovery while men have lost them.

Otherwise, in five sectors, notably in retail trade, men have gained jobs while women have lost them. In five other sectors, including education and health services and professional and business services, men gained jobs at a faster rate than women. And in an additional five sectors, such as construction and local governments, men lost jobs at a slower rate than women.

Overall Job Situation Still Worse for Men

pew-employment-07-11-gender-july-2011.JPGAs noted above, during the official recession, which lasted from from December 2007 to June 2009, men lost 5.4 million jobs, from about 71.4 million to 66 million, while lost 2.1 million, from about 67 million to 64.6 million.

However, despite gaining jobs at a faster rate since June 2009, job growth for men since the end of the recession has fallen well short of a full recovery. From December 2007 to May 2011, employment of men has fallen by 4.6 million. Their unemployment rate has increased from 5.1% to 9.5%. For women, 2.4 million jobs have been lost since December 2007, and their unemployment rate has increased from 4.9% to 8.5%. Thus, over the full arc of the recession and recovery to date, the weakness in the economy has been harder on men.

Gender Trends Transcend Race

Pew analysis indicates that changes in the unemployment rate for women and men have mostly transcended race, ethnicity and nativity. Men, whether Hispanic, white, black, Asian, native born or foreign born, experienced higher increases than women in the unemployment rate in the recession. The recovery has proceeded uniformly for men across race, ethnicity and nativity; the unemployment rate has dropped for all groups of men.

Among women in the recovery, the unemployment rate for white women decreased, but it increased for Hispanic, black and Asian women. The unemployment rate for native-born women was virtually unchanged, but it increased for foreign-born women.

Gallup: North Dakota, DC Best 2010 Job Markets

North Dakota and the District of Columbia were the two best US job markets in 2010, according to February 2011 Gallup Job Creation Index data. More than half of the 10 best job markets in 2010 were in energy- and commodity-producing states such as North Dakota, West Virginia, Oklahoma, and Texas. Meanwhile, all 10 of the states with the worst job markets in 2010 were either in the Northeast or West.


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